Leading, Slipping, Gaining, Lagging Analysis:
Assessing Health Care and Social Assistance Employment Growth
Across North Carolina Counties
Health Care and Social Assistance
Employment Growth
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
Employment Growth
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
Borrowing from an approach that sometimes appears in the finance sections of the popular press, LSGL analysis is a handy and versatile way to compare, portray and classify the patterns of health care and social assistance employment growth across all of North Carolina's 100 counties. In finance, this technique is used for comparing and assessing the market performance of individual securities or across industry sectors. For example, the performance of the 30 stocks contained within Dow are compared with one another over the past week in contrast to their performance over the past month using the Dow's respective averages as the points of reference.
Here in this North Carolina Regional Economic Analysis Project report, we adopt this approach to gauge and compare the health care and social assistance employment growth of North Carolina's 100 counties over the latest available year (2017) against the backdrop of their growth over the long term period (2008-2017). In so doing we classify their growth and performance into 4 broad categories: Leading, Slipping, Gaining and Lagging.
Health Care and Social Assistance
Employment Growth
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Health Care and Social Assistance
Employment Growth
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
This figure displays the 100 counties of North Carolina as dots on a scattergram, with the vertical axis representing the average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate over the long-term period (2008-2017), and the horizontal axis representing the health care and social assistance employment growth rate for the near-term (2017).
This figure sets apart those counties whose long-term health care and social assistance employment growth exceeded the statewide average of 1.15%, by portraying them in the top two quadrants demarcated at 1.15% on the vertical axis. County whose long-term average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate trailed the statewide average (1.15%) are distributed in the bottom two quadrants. In all, 19 counties surpassed the statewide average over 2008-2017, while 33 counties fell below.
Similarly, the two quadrants on the right of this figure present the positions of the 18 counties whose most recent (2017) health care and social assistance employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (1.86%). The two quadrants on the left feature those 34 counties whose health care and social assistance employment growth over 2017 trailed the statewide average.
Accordingly, each quadrant portrays the performance of all 100 counties corresponding with their long-term (2008-2017) and near-term (2017) performance relative to their respective statewide averages of 1.15% over 2008-2017 and 1.86% over 2017:
Leading counties () (top-right quadrant)...are counties whose average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate surpassed the statewide average both long-term (1.15%) and near-term (1.86%).
Slipping counties () (top-left quadrant)...are counties whose long-term average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (1.15%), but whose near-term growth has "slipped" by falling below the North Carolina average (1.86%).
Gaining counties () (bottom-right quadrant)...are counties whose long-term average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate fell below the statewide average (1.15%), but whose near-term growth has "gained" by registering above the average (1.86%) statewide.
Lagging counties () (bottom-left quadrant)...are counties whose average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate fell under the statewide average both long-term (1.15%) and near-term (1.86%).
   
 
Summary of North Carolina's 100 County Totals
 
Short Term Average
 
 
Below
(1.86%)
Above
(1.86%)
 
Long
Term
Average
Above
(1.15%)
9
10
19
Below
(1.15%)
25
8
33
 
34
18
52
 
   
Leading Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Leading Counties
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
Turning attention to the top-right quadrant from the discussion above, this figure features the distribution of the North Carolina counties classified as Leading. These counties surpassed North Carolina's average annual health care and social assistance employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 1.15%) as well as near-term (2017 = 1.86%). Each is identified by its corresponding ranking based on it's average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Of North Carolina's 100 counties, just 10 (10%) are classified within the Leading () category. Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
Slipping Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Slipping Counties
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
This figure depicts the distribution of the 9 North Carolina counties classified as Slipping (top-left quadrant), in that their long-term average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate outpaced the average statewide (2008-2017 = 1.15%), while they trailed the statewide average near-term (2017 = 1.86%). Again, each county is identified by it's corresponding ranking based on its average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Only 9 (9%) of North Carolina's 100 counties are classified as Slipping (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
Gaining Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Gaining Counties
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
This figure shows the distribution of the 8 North Carolina counties classified as Gaining (bottom-right quadrant), in that their long-term average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate posted below the average statewide (2008-2017 = 1.15%), while they outpaced North Carolina's average near-term (2017 = 1.86%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on its average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Of North Carolina's 100 counties, only 8% (8) are featured as Gaining (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
Lagging Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Lagging Counties
North Carolina:
2008-2017 = 1.15%
2017 = 1.86%
This figure depicts the distributions of the 25 North Carolina counties classified as Lagging (bottom-left quadrant). These counties trailed the statewide average annual health care and social assistance employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 1.15%) as well as near-term (2017 = 1.86%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on it's average annual health care and social assistance employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
25% of North Carolina's counties, 25 of 100, are characterized here as Lagging (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
   
 
North Carolina
Health Care and Social Assistance Employment Growth
County vs. Statewide Average
 
2008-2017
 
2017
 
 
Leading Counties
 
2
4.04
 
16
2.25
4,447
 
8
2.79
 
5
3.10
28,102
 
15
1.64
 
4
3.28
35,850
 
13
1.97
 
1
11.45
41,809
 
10
2.42
 
6
3.06
6,525
 
17
1.38
 
14
2.36
4,978
 
4
3.33
 
2
4.06
62,650
 
11
2.31
 
12
2.43
10,061
 
19
1.20
 
15
2.36
14,506
 
7
2.95
 
7
3.00
67,460
Slipping Counties
 
5
3.14
 
35
0.08
10,848
 
12
2.19
 
47
-0.85
2,690
 
16
1.57
 
55
-1.66
40,533
 
1
4.40
 
51
-1.24
3,017
 
14
1.81
 
28
0.79
7,512
 
6
2.96
 
23
1.71
2,794
 
18
1.26
 
40
-0.14
6,638
 
9
2.50
 
46
-0.77
5,180
 
3
3.60
 
63
-3.10
5,228
Gaining Counties
 
21
0.82
 
10
2.63
5,807
 
32
0.02
 
20
1.95
6,066
 
38
-0.42
 
8
2.87
4,909
 
22
0.75
 
17
2.25
12,673
 
37
-0.25
 
9
2.84
687
 
41
-0.86
 
13
2.40
4,565
 
42
-0.93
 
19
2.05
9,838
 
29
0.18
 
11
2.53
1,745
Lagging Counties
 
46
-1.40
 
58
-2.00
1,175
 
51
-2.44
 
56
-1.80
2,297
 
33
-0.01
 
38
-0.08
3,763
 
26
0.30
 
41
-0.43
9,264
 
23
0.74
 
25
1.25
3,075
 
50
-2.41
 
67
-3.81
2,950
 
35
-0.05
 
52
-1.49
5,212
 
25
0.37
 
42
-0.65
14,802
 
28
0.18
 
26
1.21
1,168
 
49
-2.40
 
49
-0.90
2,312
 
24
0.43
 
48
-0.86
8,028
 
30
0.13
 
37
-0.05
2,121
 
27
0.24
 
39
-0.12
3,320
 
45
-1.31
 
57
-1.83
3,278
 
39
-0.77
 
36
0.00
857
 
36
-0.11
 
45
-0.73
4,484
 
34
-0.02
 
21
1.74
1,521
 
31
0.10
 
62
-2.98
4,941
 
48
-1.97
 
44
-0.70
8,076
 
44
-1.15
 
60
-2.25
3,610
 
47
-1.76
 
43
-0.67
2,987
 
52
-3.33
 
59
-2.10
2,147
 
40
-0.82
 
27
1.12
2,538
 
20
0.85
 
54
-1.55
3,616
 
43
-1.11
 
50
-1.01
7,126
Undefined/Suppressed Counties
 
U
U
 
S
S
689
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
740
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
32
0.30
338
 
U
U
 
29
0.53
5,318
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
30
0.42
1,436
 
U
U
 
68
-5.47
1,416
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
3
3.76
1,352
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
66
-3.59
215
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
22
1.72
3,252
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
61
-2.30
1,571
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
24
1.40
1,666
 
U
U
 
69
-8.43
1,629
 
U
U
 
53
-1.53
1,605
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
18
2.17
1,507
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
31
0.42
1,680
 
U
U
 
64
-3.18
1,951
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
34
0.13
2,313
 
U
U
 
65
-3.23
1,138
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
33
0.18
568
 
U
U
 
S
S
2,287
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
U
U
 
S
S
S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.15
 
1.86
570,387
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.12
 
1.76
22,201,200
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1500N_511600_LSGL
 
   
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