Wilmington MSA vs. North Carolina
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2019
Introduction
Wilmington MSA vs. North Carolina
Wilmington MSA:
2019 Population = 297,533
2019 Percent of State = 0.1%
North Carolina:
2019 Population = 10,488,084
2019 Percent of U.S. = 3.2%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of the Wilmington MSA with comparisons to North Carolina and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing the Wilmington MSA vs. North Carolina's population growth over 1969-2019. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2019
Population, 1969-2019
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces the Wilmington MSA's annual population for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 51-year period, the Wilmington MSA's population rose from 99,226 in 1969 to 297,533 in 2019, for a net gain of 198,307, or 199.9%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2019
Population, 1969-2019
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces North Carolina's annual population for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 51-year period, North Carolina's population rose from 5,031,000 in 1969 to 10,488,084 in 2019, for a net gain of 5,457,084, or 108.5%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays the Wilmington MSA's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with North Carolina, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
The Wilmington MSA's overall population growth was 199.9% over 1969-2019 outpaced North Carolina's increase of 108.5%, and topped the United States' increase of 63.1%.
Population as a Percent of the North Carolina Total: 1969-2019
Population as a Percent of the North Carolina Total: 1969-2019
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of the Wilmington MSA is to trace its individual percentage contributions to North Carolina's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than North Carolina's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, the Wilmington MSA's population totaled 2.0% of North Carolina's population, while in 2019 it totaled 2.8% thereby yielding a +0.9% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2019 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2019
vs.
1969
+0.86%
=
2.84%
-
1.97%
 
   
Wilmington MSA Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Wilmington MSA Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of the Wilmington MSA's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2019. The average annual percent change for the entire 50-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, the Wilmington MSA's population grew at an annual rate of 2.23% over 1970-2019. The Wilmington MSA recorded its highest growth in 1972 (4.23%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1978 (-0.44%). In 2019, the Wilmington MSA's population grew by 1.11%
Wilmington MSA Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Wilmington MSA Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some msas have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in the Wilmington MSA's population since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2019.
During the 1970s, the Wilmington MSA's annual population growth rate averaged 2.20%. It averaged 1.72% in the 1980s, 3.15% throughout the 1990s, 2.37% in the 2000s, and 1.68% thus far this decade (2010 to 2019).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for the Wilmington MSA noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for North Carolina and the nation. As the chart reveals, the Wilmington MSA's average annual population growth exceeded North Carolina's average during the 1970s (2.20% vs. 1.44%), recorded above North Carolina's average throughout the 1980s (1.72% vs. 1.24%), outperformed North Carolina's average in the 1990s (3.15% vs. 1.93%), outgained North Carolina's average during the 2000s (2.37% vs. 1.74%), and outpaced North Carolina's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (1.68% vs. 1.05%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, the Wilmington MSA led the nation over the 1970s (2.20% vs. 1.10%), outpaced the nation in the 1980s (1.72% vs. 0.95%), recorded above the nation during the 1990s (3.15% vs. 1.23%), outperformed the nation over the 2000s (2.37% vs. 0.95%), and led the nation over 2010-2019 (1.68% vs. 0.68%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.23
2.20
1.72
3.15
2.37
1.68
1.11
 
1.48
1.44
1.24
1.93
1.74
1.05
1.03
 
0.98
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.48
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Wilmington MSA:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
99,226
100.0
N
0.06
1970
 
101,837
102.6
2.63
0.06
1971
 
105,562
106.4
3.66
0.06
1972
 
110,029
110.9
4.23
0.06
1973
 
113,741
114.6
3.37
0.07
1974
 
116,500
117.4
2.43
0.07
1975
 
118,805
119.7
1.98
0.07
1976
 
120,568
121.5
1.48
0.07
1977
 
122,652
123.6
1.73
0.07
1978
 
122,115
123.1
-0.44
0.07
1979
 
123,292
124.3
0.96
0.07
1980
 
126,245
127.2
2.40
0.07
1981
 
127,918
128.9
1.33
0.07
1982
 
130,392
131.4
1.93
0.07
1983
 
131,827
132.9
1.10
0.07
1984
 
133,911
135.0
1.58
0.07
1985
 
136,404
137.5
1.86
0.07
1986
 
139,471
140.6
2.25
0.07
1987
 
142,160
143.3
1.93
0.07
1988
 
143,969
145.1
1.27
0.07
1989
 
146,223
147.4
1.57
0.07
1990
 
150,226
151.4
2.74
0.07
1991
 
155,570
156.8
3.56
0.07
1992
 
159,904
161.2
2.79
0.07
1993
 
165,895
167.2
3.75
0.08
1994
 
172,233
173.6
3.82
0.08
1995
 
179,144
180.5
4.01
0.08
1996
 
185,496
186.9
3.55
0.08
1997
 
191,148
192.6
3.05
0.08
1998
 
196,533
198.1
2.82
0.08
1999
 
199,312
200.9
1.41
0.08
2000
 
202,099
203.7
1.40
0.08
2001
 
205,996
207.6
1.93
0.09
2002
 
210,563
212.2
2.22
0.09
2003
 
214,877
216.6
2.05
0.09
2004
 
222,498
224.2
3.55
0.09
2005
 
230,897
232.7
3.77
0.09
2006
 
238,272
240.1
3.19
0.09
2007
 
243,520
245.4
2.20
0.10
2008
 
248,260
250.2
1.95
0.10
2009
 
251,814
253.8
1.43
0.10
2010
 
255,699
257.7
1.54
0.10
2011
 
259,141
261.2
1.35
0.10
2012
 
262,759
264.8
1.40
0.10
2013
 
267,700
269.8
1.88
0.10
2014
 
271,863
274.0
1.56
0.10
2015
 
276,848
279.0
1.83
0.10
2016
 
283,580
285.8
2.43
0.10
2017
 
289,447
291.7
2.07
0.10
2018
 
294,273
296.6
1.67
0.10
2019
 
297,533
299.9
1.11
0.11
Source: Calculations by the North Carolina Regional Economic Analysis Project (NC-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
North Carolina:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
5,031,000
100.0
N
2.50
1970
 
5,099,150
101.4
1.35
2.50
1971
 
5,200,760
103.4
1.99
2.51
1972
 
5,296,085
105.3
1.83
2.53
1973
 
5,382,441
107.0
1.63
2.55
1974
 
5,461,112
108.5
1.46
2.56
1975
 
5,535,097
110.0
1.35
2.57
1976
 
5,593,463
111.2
1.05
2.57
1977
 
5,668,494
112.7
1.34
2.58
1978
 
5,740,286
114.1
1.27
2.58
1979
 
5,801,563
115.3
1.07
2.58
1980
 
5,898,980
117.3
1.68
2.60
1981
 
5,956,653
118.4
0.98
2.60
1982
 
6,019,108
119.6
1.05
2.60
1983
 
6,077,059
120.8
0.96
2.60
1984
 
6,164,004
122.5
1.43
2.61
1985
 
6,253,957
124.3
1.46
2.63
1986
 
6,321,576
125.7
1.08
2.63
1987
 
6,403,693
127.3
1.30
2.64
1988
 
6,480,591
128.8
1.20
2.65
1989
 
6,565,462
130.5
1.31
2.66
1990
 
6,664,016
132.5
1.50
2.67
1991
 
6,784,280
134.8
1.80
2.68
1992
 
6,897,214
137.1
1.66
2.69
1993
 
7,042,818
140.0
2.11
2.71
1994
 
7,187,398
142.9
2.05
2.73
1995
 
7,344,674
146.0
2.19
2.76
1996
 
7,500,670
149.1
2.12
2.78
1997
 
7,656,825
152.2
2.08
2.81
1998
 
7,809,121
155.2
1.99
2.83
1999
 
7,949,361
158.0
1.80
2.85
2000
 
8,081,614
160.6
1.66
2.86
2001
 
8,210,122
163.2
1.59
2.88
2002
 
8,326,201
165.5
1.41
2.89
2003
 
8,422,501
167.4
1.16
2.90
2004
 
8,553,152
170.0
1.55
2.92
2005
 
8,705,407
173.0
1.78
2.95
2006
 
8,917,270
177.2
2.43
2.99
2007
 
9,118,037
181.2
2.25
3.03
2008
 
9,309,449
185.0
2.10
3.06
2009
 
9,449,566
187.8
1.51
3.08
2010
 
9,574,323
190.3
1.32
3.10
2011
 
9,657,592
192.0
0.87
3.10
2012
 
9,749,476
193.8
0.95
3.11
2013
 
9,843,336
195.7
0.96
3.12
2014
 
9,932,887
197.4
0.91
3.12
2015
 
10,031,646
199.4
0.99
3.13
2016
 
10,154,788
201.8
1.23
3.14
2017
 
10,268,233
204.1
1.12
3.16
2018
 
10,381,615
206.4
1.10
3.18
2019
 
10,488,084
208.5
1.03
3.20
Source: Calculations by the North Carolina Regional Economic Analysis Project (NC-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,321,666
153.7
0.83
2011
 
311,556,874
154.8
0.72
2012
 
313,830,990
155.9
0.73
2013
 
315,993,715
157.0
0.69
2014
 
318,301,008
158.1
0.73
2015
 
320,635,163
159.3
0.73
2016
 
322,941,311
160.4
0.72
2017
 
324,985,539
161.4
0.63
2018
 
326,687,501
162.3
0.52
2019
 
328,239,523
163.1
0.48
Source: Calculations by the North Carolina Regional Economic Analysis Project (NC-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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